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ACA Global Foundation is raising funds for a research study that will be presented at Congressional hearings.

If you are reading the page on our website you already know what it is like to live with the onerous IRS requirement to file US taxes regardless of your actual residence and you no doubt understand the need for the US to switch to a RBT system. That’s where ACA and our research work comes in. ACAGF is going back to its data and research work fielded in 2017 and updating and adding to the work done by the highly regarded District Economics Group (DEG). ACAGF’s data is the only private-sector research on taxation of Americans overseas. It has already been invaluable in offices ACA has visited with and will be the lynchpin for Congressional hearings. Our goal is to raise $75,000 by July 1, 2021. ACA has already raised $25,000.

ACA and ACA Global Foundation can get this done because:

ACA is on-site in Washington, DC to monitor tax legislation that is on the agenda for the 117th Congress and will be taken up in the Fall of 2021.

ACA’s meetings with US Treasury and tax-writing committees tell us that individual international taxation will be addressed in upcoming legislative efforts. 

ACAGF has the best private-sector research and data on the overseas American community.

Freedom of Information (FOIA) requests tell us that the IRS and the US Treasury have an incomplete picture of the community of taxpayers overseas.

ACAGF’s ground-breaking analysis of baseline information will be key to hearings held on the subject of international tax reform.

Data and research are the ‘coin of the realm” in Washington, DC and ACA continues to be the reputable and respected "go to source" for this.

Now is the time to donate to ACAGF’s research efforts.


How we got to where we are today.

ACA's long history in support of Residence-Based Taxation (RBT) and its body of work on the subject, starting with white papers back in the 1970s outlining the problems associated with the taxation of Americans overseas, led to ACA's development in 2014 of its RBT roadmap or side-by-side comparative which has been updated as the US tax policy has evolved in the past 5 years. ACA's work has been key in the educating process of both Congress and the tax writing committees: 

  1. ACA’s side-by-side comparative showing how and where changes needed to be made to the current Citizenship-based taxation regime to make it Residence-based gives the Congress and tax writing committees a roadmap for RBT.
  2. ACA data and research by contractor District Economic Group (DEG) to provide data and revenue estimates for ACA’s side-by-side which includes critical baseline data on the asset composition and size of the overseas community, is vitally important to development of the legislative proposals for the Congress and tax writing committees.  

Congressman Holding’s “Tax Fairness for Americans Abroad Act of 2018, (TFAA)” was a major step in the process for tax reform.  Congressman Holding, a long supporter of tax reform for Americans overseas, introduced legislation in the 115th Congress in December 2018.  His legislation proposed a residence-based approach to taxing Americans living and working overseas.  This was the first time that legislation in support of American overseas taxpayers was introduced in the US Congress. 

The basic principle of the bill mirrors the thinking behind ACA’s residence-based taxation (RBT) approach, that is, separating foreign-source and US-source income and excluding from US taxation specified foreign-source income earned when a US citizen is a qualified resident abroad. The toggle switch determining whether an individual is taxable on US income – and not on foreign income – is residency. The bill excludes from US taxation income earned unrelated to the United States for qualified non-resident US citizens.

A summary outline of the bill, prepared by Rep. Holding’s office, can be found here. Along with a more detailed summary prepared by ACA here.  

ACA, together with other overseas organizations, regularly met and provided Congressman Holding with input, data and suggestions on tax law changes, informing and otherwise educating him and his staff on the critical tax and compliance problems facing Americans living and working overseas.


What is happening now.

Congressman George Holding of North Carolina retired at the end of 2020 and therefore did not re-introduce his legislation in subsequent sessions of Congress. Although Congressman Holding is not longer the leading champion for RBT, there are other Representatives in Congress who support tax reform for Americans overseas. The new 117th Congress will take up tax reform legislation later this year (2021).  ACA is on the forefront working to insure that individual international taxation has a seat at the table. 

ACA is in close contact with the tax writing committees  for both the House and Senate, as well as with the US Treasury and the IRS.  The tax writing committees - House Ways & Means and the Senate Finance, along with the US Treasury and the IRS are all interested in addressing the tax concerns of overseas filers.  ACA's meetings early this year indicate that through ACA's advocacy, its write-in campaign calling for hearings, media coverage and work by other organizations,  these offices are paying attention and what these offices want and need is data and research, which ACA is providing.


Meeting with the new Congress and Administration. 

ACA began meeting with the new Administration and Congress once it opened session in January of 2021. ACA's advocacy throughout 2021 will be a mix of on-site meetings and virtual meetings given the continued COVID lockdown regulations.  In January of 2021 ACA attended a conference with the Joint Committee on Taxation, the Senate Finance and the House Ways and Means and followed up with direct meetings with staffers in Congressional offices, with Senate Finance, at House Ways & Means, with the US Treasury and with the IRS. 

ACA will continue to follow up with Congressional offices identified through our write-in campaign calling for hearings - educating them on the issues and advocating for hearings which we believe will happen. ACA will keep close to existing supporters of RBT in both the Senate and the House.   For more on this listen to our presentation made at the 2021 Expat Financial Summit.


Why hearings are essential.

As the new Congress takes up the subject of tax legislation, hearings will be held.  Offices in Congress have signaled that treatement of individual overseas taxpayers will be part of the discussion and that hearings should be held so that the committees can understand the wide range of tax compliance issues facing the overseas Americans community from stakeholders and citizens.  

With knowledge from hearings the tax writing committees and legislators can look at specifics and determine how best to craft legislation to address these problems.  Specific treatment of items like Social Security income, income associated with “transition tax” and GILTI, and different types of PFIC income, will need more consideration and details will need to be worked out to determine how these income streams will be taxed under a new residence-based regime.  

ACA was the first organization to make a call for hearings. On December 29, 2017, ACA called upon Congress to hold hearings on tax reform for Americans abroad.  In September of 2019 ACA launched the "Americans Abroad Fight for Tax Fairness!" write-in campaignto support efforts for Congressional hearings, making it easy and simple for supporters to send an appeal to hold hearings to their Representatives in Congress, along with the members of the House Ways & Means Select Revenue Committee.


Revenue Neutrality and ACA research and data.

Many people ask, which is the better argument for RBT– making the argument for “fairness” or arguing “on the numbers” that it not be a revenue loser? Answer is both. Fairness can get attention and backers. But if it loses revenue, RBT will be swimming up the waterfall known as budget reconciliation.    Proponents of RBT will probably want it added to a big budget bill designed to pass under the reconciliation process. If it’s a revenue loser, it would be barred under established guidelines.  No “ifs” “ands” or “buts”. That’s why the ACA/DEG exercise grinding the baseline data and revenue estimates, which lead to making it revenue neutral and tight against abuse, are ABSOLUTELY CRITICAL. Read about Senate Reconciliation Rules and the Byrd Rule here.

The US Treasury, the IRS and Congressional offices lack much of the detailed data and research on the overseas taxpayers. Recent Senate Hearings held on May 11 have show this.  The US Treasury and the IRS have some data from tax returns using the FEIE (flags an overseas resident) and FBAR filings but these offices lack comprehensive data on the size and make-up of the community.  ACA has been able to provide offices with more data with its landmark 2017 research project funded by ACA's sister organization, American Citizens Global Foundation. 

The 2017 research project was done by District Economics Group (DEG) using ACA's "side-by-side" roapmap for residence-based taxation as a basis, the report provided data on the size, geographic hic location, income make up and tax reporting for overseas filers.  This research is in the hands of the tax-writing committees and the Joint Committee on Taxation but needs to be updated and expanded.  ACAGF has raised the funds for this expanded research which will be a key document in hearings held on tax reform for overseas taxpayers.  The importance of updating this research cannot be overstated.  ACAGF's research work is the best private-sector data and ACA and DEG are respected as the "go to source" by the offices directly involved in tax reform.  See our recent webinar "Parting the Veil: Analyzing the Revenue Effects of Residence-Based Taxation (RBT)" with an extensive discussion of the importance of revenue neutrality for RBT with panelists Charles Bruce, ACAGF Chairman and Legal Council and District Economics Group (DEG) principal, Michael Udell.


ACA joins the RBT Coalition.

ACA joined the RBT Coalition, a group of organizations representing Americans overseas, tax advocacy organizatsions, think tanks, Ameircan business and social organizatsions (American Chambers of Commerce, Americans Clubs) and tax and investment professionals who are calling for adoption of RBT.  The Coalition will not posit any platform for RBT but will bring awareness to the compliancy issues facing Americans overseas and demostrate that support for RBT comes from a wide-range of organizations. Coalitions such as this are key to building support on Capitol Hill for change.  Learn more about how to join/support the Coalition here: RBT Coalition.



On July 7, 2021, ACA hosted a webinar "Parting the Veil: Analyzing the Revenue Effects of Residence-Based Taxation (RBT)" with panelists Charles Bruce, ACAGF Chairman and Legal Counsel, and District Economics Group (DEG) principal, Michael Udell.  Learn about the important of data and research to support RBT and why revenue neutrality is so important.  DEG is an independent, non-partisan economic consulting firm providing specialized economic analysis and insights into federal, state, legislative and regulatory policymaking.  Click here for presentation slides.



On May 25, 2021, ACA hosted a webinar on how Residence-Based Taxation (RBT) can be passed by the Congress. What is the current landscape in Washington, DC, what work needs to be done, what data and information does the Congress and Administration need, and how can organizations like ACA and individuals help make this happen. Click here for presentation slides.


In 2019 and 2020, ACA held a series of Webinars to educate and update the community and Congress on Congressman Holding’s "marker bill" outlining the general principal of Residence-based taxation.  The tax-writing committees will need to run through the code, item by item, to determine how income streams will be treated for taxation in order to refine an existing bill or draft a new bill. This why Congressman Holding's work is still important and why hearings are key to advancing on this work. Only by understanding the breath of problems and issues can Congress understand how to treat these in legislation.

ACA is hosting webinars with various groups and organizations that are interested in, and support tax reform for Americans overseas.  To see the complete list of webinars hosted in 2019 and 2020, and upcoming events in 2021, click here

ACA also hosts monthly podcasts with updates on ACA's work.


Working with stakeholders.

ACA is working alongside other groups advocating for tax reform; Association of Americans Resident Overseas (AARO), Democrats Abroad, Republicans Overseas (RO) and various US Chambers of Commerce, notably the Asia Pacific Chambers of Commerce (APCAC), AmCham Abu Dhabi, Americans for Tax Reform (ATR), National Taxpayer Union (NTU), Adrain Leeds Group, Expat Exchange, etc. ACA will continue to bring in new stakeholders in order to grow the consortium of advocates for tax reform.  Some of the groups have already joined the RBT Coalition and we welcome others to join as well.  


What can you do today to support ACA’s efforts. 

Join ACA's "Americans Abroad Fight for Tax Fairness!" write-in campaign calling for hearings!


ACAGF's reserach and educational efforts are key to supporting RBT. American Citizens Abroad Global Foundation (ACAGF, which focuses on education and research) research and educational efforts have only just begun. ACAGF is fielding additional analysis leading to an improved database and detailed data on overseas taxpayers. This data will be presented at hearings and go directly into the hands of the tax writing committees, the US Treasury, the IRS and Representatives that support adoption of RBT.  It is essential so Donate today.

Want to help more? ACA, which advocates (lobbies) for legislation is conintues to raise funds to do just this – lobby for enactment of a residence-based taxation regime. Funding for advocacy and lobbying efforts help us to continue to pound the pavement and walk the hallways of the Capital, meeting with Members, Members staffs and staffs of the committees, like Joint Committee on Taxation, House Ways and Means Committee, and Senate Finance Committee. ACA will also activate other stakeholders that, in turn, will lobby in favor of legislation. Donations to ACA for lobbying are not tax deductible*.  Donate today.

*Tax-deductible funds raised by ACAGF will not be used for lobbying. 


Click to see ACA's past efforts on RBT:

ACA Explains "Tax Fairness for Americans Abroad (TFAA)" - Residence-based tax bill

RBT November 2018 Update

RBT and the 2018 Midterms. What’s Next?

Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA). What Happened? What’s Next?

RBT 2017 Update